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Moscow, Russia: pp. Dionysius the Areopagite and the Divine Processions. Ch Terezis - - Augustinianum 52 2 Deification and Knowledge in Dionysius. Rebecca Coughlin - - Dionysius Michael Harrington - - Dionysius English Translation with Commentary]. Dionysius the Areopagite on Justice. Filip Ivanovic - - Studia Patristica Added to PP index Total views 11 , of 2,, Recent downloads 6 months 8 , of 2,, How can I increase my downloads?
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In Defense of the Dionysian Authorship / xelafetla.tk
Applied ethics. History of Western Philosophy. And yet in these he stillmeets not with God, for he sees not Him In thispassage, firstof all, union with God takesplace according to the three stageswhich would laterbecome standardmystical vocabulary, especially in the Christian West: purification, illumination, and perfection or union Louth and Dionysius is offeringnothing new here. His steps. Bouyer , The resemblance to Evagrius was already noted by Dionysius's near contemporary and first translator intoSyriac, Sergius ofReshaina cf. He does, though, seem to go Evagrius one better in describing theunion with God as.
The earlierwriter had avoided, it seems cf. Hausherr and , any notion of ecstasis. But ithas been urged thatMoses' trip alone tomeet theOne Alone sounds much more Plotinian thanChristian eg. Rorem , , and, certainly, itdoes seem tobe quite apart from, and even antithetical to, the sacramental and ecclesial emphasis we have justnoted as characterizing Dionysian mys ticism.
Neither liturgy,nor Church-nor for thatmatter Jesus Christ Him self-are mentioned or appear to play any rolewhatsoever. Dionysius's mys. In the space left tome, I would like to argue that appearances are deceptive. Fortunately, recent scholarship has come tomy assistance. Paul Rorem's.
Biblical and Liturgical Symbols in thePseudo-Dionysian Synthesis has argued quite convincingly against Jean Vanneste and even Rene Roques , , for the interlocking quality ofDionysian thought, and in particular for the inseparability of the treatises on thehierarchies from those devoted to the intelligible names ofGod and themystical ascent. Andrew Louth has evenmore recently seconded thisposition, and that,moreover, in a tone notably more respectful ofDionysius's claims toChristianity thanRorem. Both men note, for example, thatMoses is in fact a type of the Christian hierarch bishop and, in addition, that the two other examples ofmystical union or the vision ofGod which Dionysius provides-his mentor, Hiero.
This may be because Dionysius is dealing here with what we may call a problem inhierarchical "due process" i. In any case, it is these four,Moses and Isaiah from the Old Covenant community and Hierotheus and Carpus from theNew, who are finally the only examples that theAreopagite provides ofmystical or super natural experience-unless, of course, we count his own testimony to the illumining power of the Eucharist. Further,Moses' three-stage ascent in the passage cited isparalleled by the threefolddivisions of theEcclesiastical Hierarchy: the laitywho are purified, illumined, and perfected; the clergywho purify, illumine and perfect; the sacraments of baptism, eucharist and chrismwhich are purification, illumi.
By implication, the church building itselfalso con forms to thispattern as divided intonarthex, nave, and sanctuary.
Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite
Thus the catechumens and the others in a state of purification penitents and pos sessed are placed in the narthex outside the doors to the nave inEcclesiasti. The monks are stationed inEpistle VII, 1 at the very doors of the sanctuary enclosure but are still outside it Ibid. The picture of the theophany at Sinai given in Exodus 19fffromwhich Dionysius draws and he is scarcely the first to do so-recall St. Paul in II Cor.
The scriptural text itself is,firstof all, quite possibly writ. Noth, , , and esp. Clements , 22, n. While Dionysius was not, tobe sure, apprised of the latest in twentieth-centurybiblical criticism, it isnot an unreasonable supposition to think him quite capable of drawing a parallel with his own liturgy from the following components: a purified people.
Sinai, I submit, isnothing more nor less than an image of the Church at worship. The summit, veiled in cloud and darkness, corresponds to the altar within the sanctuary veils of Dionysius's neighborhood church. An altar area separated from the nave by walls and curtains seems to have been a regular feature of church construc tion in late fifth-centurySyria cf.
Re-thinking Dionysius the Areopagite
Schneider , A. Schneider , andMatthews , esp.
Indeed, we can go another century earlier than the fifth. The mountain of god as an image of theChurch appears in Syriac Christian literature as early as the s A. In hisHymns onParadise Brock , St. Ephrem of Syria provides a number of suggestive parallels with thepicture I have just sketched. The whole question ofDionysius's connections with, and pos. Werner Strothman has revealed the Syrian background to theEcclesiastical Hierarchy's treatmentof the sacred chrism, and others have suggested pos sible connections between theAreopagite's discussion of themonks, and his treatmentof the divine names, and Ephrem's handling of thesematters eg.
I shall have occa sion to resort to yet another theme from Syriac Christian literature inwhat. Sinai as image of theChurch still does not address the "problem" of either the ordering of thehierarchy or the role ofChrist. Regarding the former, the question iswhether or not the hierarch bishop is the only one privileged to. This would appear to be the case when we take into account the language of "superiors" and "inferiors"which suffuses the cor pus e. Is one therefore obliged to climb the mountain by literallyascending the rungs of firstthe lay, and then sacerdotal orders?
Iwould answerwith Andrew Louth thatone does not somuch climb up our hierarchy, theChurch, as entermore fully into it Louth , Dionysius himself defines hierarchy in one important textas " Elsewhere he calls the Church "our hierarchy" the "hier " archic icon of divine things Texts could be multiplied, but, in order to summarize the argument I have made elsewhere at greater length cf.
Golitzin , , also Roques , , and Lossky , Dionysius means essentially two things by this notion of hierarchic iconog raphy. First, he indicates thatour hierarchy is ourworld, i. It is the created analogue, on the level of human existence which involves a soul and a body, as opposed to the angels' lack of bodies , of thedivine Provi dence, the term of preference in theAreopagitica for thewhole range of divine activity ad extra cf. Beierwaltes and Brons Brought into exist ence by the economy of Christ, thework of God or "theurgy"-the term.
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Suchla and never, be itnoted, employs to signifyhuman sacred activity Rorem , -our hierarchy is, to use expressions familiar from theNew Testa. The phrase, "one new man," leadsme towhat I understand as the second function of "our hierarchy": Dionysius's use of the ancient theme of the human being as microcosm.
This is a notion whose deep rooting in the. Gersh and esp.
It is also very much present inwriters of theOrigenist tradition, especially Evagrius Pon ticus cf. Evans , , and for Evagrius and the Syriac tradition, S'ed whose possible linkswith Dionysius I have noted at length else where Golitzin ,, esp. Less noted, and noted not at all in reference to possible linkswith Dionysius, is the presence of this idea.
I have inmind particularly the latters' portrayal of the individual Christian as a "little church," a theme which appears in Chapter 12 of theLiber Graduum and.